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First Grade Curriculum


  • Awakens the student to the pleasures of learning
  • Develops self-reliance and stamina
  • Fosters good study and work habits
  • Teaches the child to think independently
  • Cultivates responsibility
  • Provides security in learning
  • Supports individual development and learning style
  • Nurtures and develops the whole child


  • Child’s Goodnight Book
  • Good Night, Owl!
  • Pele’s New Suit
  • The Animal
  • The Important Book
  • The Tale of Benjamin Bunny
  • The Tale of Mrs. Tittlemouse
  • The Tale of Peter Rabbit
  • The Tale of Squirrel Nutkin
  • To Market, To Market
  • Poetry


  • Blue Book– Mae Carden
  • Green Book– Mae Carden
  • Development of mental image
  • Development of vocabulary
  • Phonics using the Carden vowel chart
  • Rhythmic reading of sentences
  • Comprehension development
  • Main idea through identification of keyword and title
  • Book Reports- one each trimester


  • Verb conjugations: present & past tense, regular, statement, question & not forms
  • Parts of speech: noun, verb, pronoun, adjective
  • Compound words
  •  Sentence analysis- who, doing, what


  • Establishment of the Carden Vowel Chart
  • Introduction to spelling rules using Carden vowel chart
  • Sentence analysis
  • Punctuation: period, capitals, question marks
  •  Vocabulary building with keywords and titles
  •  Introduction to paragraph writing


  • Sentences, Paragraphs, and Essays:  topic and detail sentences, organizing writing
  • Writing Process: prewrite, first draft, revise, edit, publish
  • Trait Writing: ideas, organization, writers voice, word choice, sentence fluency, conventions (grammar)
  • Genre: descriptive, narrative, expository, persuasive, response to literature, creative and poetry, research


  • Numbers: number words, ordinals, greater than and less than, even and odd
  • Addition and Subtraction:  100 addition and subtraction facts, number line use, fact families, add three addends, missing addend, add and subtract 2 digit numbers, regroup ones as tens to add, regroup tens as ones to subtract
  • Place Value to 100: expanded form
  • Multiplication: 2 – 10
  • Algebraic Functions—symbol use, understanding number sentences, create number sentence problems
  •  Measurement: customary and metric units of length, weight, capacity, temperature
  • Data and Graphs: Venn diagrams, tally chart, picture graph, bar graph, survey, range, mode, median
  • Geometry: open and closed figures, plane figures, solids, slides, flips, turns, symmetry, congruence
  •  Money: to the dollar
  • Time: to the half hour, elapsed time
  • Fractions and Probability: equal parts, one half, one third, one fourth, part of a set, certain, possible, likely, arrangements
  • Problem Solving Strategies: act it out, draw a picture, write a number sentence, choose the operation,  use a graph,  logical reasoning,  make a table, find or use a pattern,  make a  model,  use more than one step


  • Life Science: living and non-living things, habitats, how plants and animals live, life cycles, food chains
  • Earth Science: land, air, water, rocks and soil, natural resources, weather
  • Physical Science: observing matter, movement and sound, energy
  • Space and Technology: day and night sky, technology helps our world, simple machines
  • Class science fair project


  •  Focus: My World
  • Where We Live: homes, neighborhoods, communities
  • We Belong: family, friends, getting along, a look at family and friends in Japan
  • People at Work: jobs, needs and wants, money, moving goods and people, money in other  countries
  •  Our World: land, water, weather, neighbors in Canada and Mexico, using and caring for natural resources
  •  It Happened in America: learning about the past, first people in America, Christopher Columbus, Santa Fe, Plymouth, a country of many people, New York City
  • Americans Celebrate: Holidays for Presidents, special days for the country, special days for  families, symbols of America


  •   Using models and maps, map keys, directions


  • Textbook French For Elementary Schools
  • Students are introduced to the written word and begin to recognize words used in class
  • Directions are given in French and demonstrated
  • New vocabulary is introduced: shapes, opposites, months, days of the week, weather
  • Students learn basic conversation and to repeat simple sentences. Most learning is oral.
  • Children now count up to 20
  • Sounds; diphthongs


  • Textbooks and workbooks are from New Concept Chinese (book2) and Lang Lang Chinese (starter). The curriculum will use simplified Characters and Pinyin (Traditional character and Bo-Po-Mo also available according to the needs of the child).
  • Read and write Chinese characters (direct Chinese character recognition)
  • Use Mandarin in daily conversation, such as greeting people, numbers (1-30), body parts, date and days, weather, seasons, colors
  • Complete daily exercise or homework
  • Enhance academic, cognitive and communication skills
  • Understand intercultural and global awareness
  • Enrichment activities such as Chinese cultural education, arts, chants, songs, stories, rhymes and role play will be incorporated.


  • Introduction to Spanish and Spanish speaking countries
  • Greetings
  • Alphabet, numbers and colors
  • Body parts
  • Animals
  • Family
  • Classroom vocabulary
  • Days of the week
  • Cultural traditions, holiday and festival
  • Reading


  • With the basic knowledge of the 5 elements of shape, first graders are ready for duplication, matching and mirror image exercises. They are now learning to use tools more effectively and efficiently. Because they have a grasp on shapes and color, projects become more complex and analytical. By using different papers, paints, pencils, markers, oil pastels and crayons, they are learning techniques that will help them “see” better and gain better focus.


  • Early Music Awareness—singing, movement, rhythm, solfeggio (do, re, mi)
  • Instruments, theory
  • Rote singing
  • Mozart as a child


Students will:

  • Learn to log-on successfully
  • Open and close programs without help
  •  Practice creating pictures using open-source software
  • Be introduced to basic keyboarding skills, with correct posture and hand positioning
  • Be introduced to a simple editor such as Notepad
  • Be introduced to simple features of MSWord
  • Begin to learn how to safely browse the Internet

First graders are issued iPads for use in the classroom. The classroom teacher introduces learning apps, videos, presentations and more to enhance what is taught in the classroom.


  • Locomotor Skills: students will refine and improve the following skills: running, skipping, hopping, sliding, jumping, galloping and leaping; distinguish the differences between a jog and a run, a hop and a jump, and a gallop and a slide
  • Manipulative Skills: students will demonstrate and improve the following movement patterns: kicking, punting, dribbling with feet and hands, overhand throwing with one and two hands, catching with proper form, and striking with a hockey stick.
  • Movement concepts: awareness of personal space, general space, and boundaries; moving in different directions at different speeds
  • Body Management: balance using other body parts other than feet as the base of support; balancing objects using different parts of the body
  • Flexibility: Students will learn how stretching and strengthening the body will help prevent injury; stretching without hyperflexing or hyperextending the joints
  • Group Dynamics: practice teamwork and partnership, practice good sportsmanship
  • Fundamentals of sports: soccer, basketball, dodgeball, kickball, and hockey